Food For The Poor in Dominica
Food For The Poor works with two primary partners in Dominica, Care of The Elderly Inc. and R.E.A.C.H. An important component of our work is assistance through Gifts In Kind. Key support includes:
- Shipment of 27 containers in the first six months of 2013
- Hygiene and personal care items
- Medical supplies
- Educational supplies
Food For The Poor ships containers of aid items to Dominica and other Caribbean countries every year.
Dominica measures 280 square miles, about 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC.
Bananas and other agriculture dominate Dominica’s economy, and nearly one-third of the labor force works in agriculture. This sector, however, is highly vulnerable to weather conditions and to external events affecting commodity prices. In 2007, Hurricane Dean caused significant damage to the agricultural sector as well as the country’s infrastructure, especially roads.
A growing part of the economy in Dominica is tourism. It has increased as the government seeks to promote the country as an “ecotourism” destination and has developed a new tourism development plan. Still, thirty percent of the population currently lives below the poverty line.
Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which made the island a colony in 1805. In 1980, two years after independence, Dominica's fortunes improved when a corrupt and tyrannical administration was replaced by that of Mary Eugenia Charles, the first female prime minister in the Caribbean, who remained in office for 15 years. Some 3,000 Carib Indians still living on Dominica are the only pre-Columbian population remaining in the eastern Caribbean.
- Dominica has been nicknamed the “Nature Isle of the Caribbean” for its unspoiled natural beauty.
- The island features lush mountainous rainforests – home of many rare plant, animal, and bird species.
- The island is home to one of the continent’s greatest varieties of birds, including bananaquits, grey kingbirds, red-neckeds, frigatebirds, siffleurs, barn owls, brown pelicans, yellow warblers and plumbeous warblers.
- The name Dominica comes from the Italian word for Sunday (domenica), which was the day on which it was spotted by Christopher Columbus.
- Dominica is home to the world’s second-largest hot spring, Boiling Lake.
- Morne Trois Pitons National Park is a tropical forest blended with scenic volcanic features. It was recognized as a World Heritage Site on April 4, 1995, a distinction it shares with four other Caribbean islands.
- Dominica gained prominence on the international music stage when in 1973, Gordon Henderson founded the group Exile One and an original musical genre which he coined “Cadence-lypso” which paved the way for modern Creole music. Other musical genres include “Jing ping” and “Cadence.”
- Dominica is also highlighted by the famous Rain Forest Aerial Tram and Chatannye Nature Trail.
- Witness the endangered sea turtle, one of the world’s longest-living marine creatures, crawl onto Rosalie Beach to perform a fascinating nesting ritual. This is typical in Dominica between March and August each year.
- Dive Fest is the longest running Scuba Diving Festival in the Caribbean. Diving enthusiasts spend 9 days exploring 25 dive sites around Dominica.
- Area -
751 square kilometers (290 square miles)
- Population - 70,000
- Capital - Roseau, 27,000
- Independence Day - Nov. 3, 1978, from the U.K.
- Languages - English is the official language of Dominica and is universally spoken and understood. However, because of historic French occupation during different times in history, a French-based creole dialect is spoken by many people on the island, especially from the older generation.
- Religion - About 80% of the population is Roman Catholic, though in recent years a number of Protestant churches have been established.
- Currency - East Caribbean dollar.
- Life Expectancy: 73
- Unemployment - 23% (2000 est.)
- Literacy rate - Total population: 94% | Male: 94% | Female: 94% (Defined: People age 15 and older who can read and write) (2003 est.)
- Map: Mountainous, densely forested, with waterfalls and exotic birds, much of Dominica is protected as national wilderness. Volcanic activity provides boiling pools, geysers, and black-sand beaches. Most Dominicans are descendants of African slaves brought in by colonial planters. Independent from Britain since 1978, Dominica remains poor and dependent on banana exports. Governments, including that of Mary Eugenia Charles, the first female prime minister in the West Indies, have sought to broaden the economic base with tourism and light industry. Home to 3,000 Carib Indians, Dominica is the last bastion of this once populous Caribbean tribe.
- Industry: Soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra
- Agriculture: Bananas, citrus, mangoes, root crops
- Exports: Bananas, soap, bay oil, vegetables, grapefruit
By age (2010 est.)
0-14 years: 24% (male 8,910 / female 8,518)
15-64 years: 65.8% (male 24,532 / female 23,301)
65 years and over: 10.2% (male 3,187 / female 4,212)
Median age (2010 est.)
Total: 30.3 years
Male: 29.8 years
Female: 30.8 years
Infant mortality (2010 est.)
Total: 13.65 deaths / 1,000 live births
Male: 18.34 deaths / 1,000 live births
Female: 8.73 deaths / 1,000 live births
Life expectancy (2010 est.)
Total: 75.55 years
Male: 72.61 years
Female: 78.64 years