Nearly 30% of all Dominicans live in poverty. Unemployment is high, and the country’s economy is extremely reliant upon tourism.

Bananas and other agriculture dominate Dominica’s economy, and nearly one-third of the labor force works in agriculture. This sector, however, is highly vulnerable to weather conditions and to external events affecting commodity prices. In 2007, Hurricane Dean caused significant damage to the agricultural sector as well as the country’s infrastructure, especially roads.

A growing part of the economy in Dominica is tourism. It has increased as the government seeks to promote the country as an “ecotourism” destination and has developed a new tourism development plan.