Widespread poverty has led to an alarming amount of malnourishment in Guatemala.
In Guatemala the lack of educational and economic opportunity is a major problem. Distribution of land, income and other wealth is controlled by a small percentage of Guatemala’s Spanish-speaking population.
The country’s social indicators are among the worst in the hemisphere. Overall adult literacy is estimated at 70 percent, but literacy among Mayan women is estimated as low as 30 percent. Less than half of rural Guatemalans have access to running water, only a quarter have access to electricity and less than one in ten have access to modern sanitation facilities. Infant, child and maternal mortality rates are among the highest in Latin America.