Half of Nicaragua’s population is now living below the poverty line. The leading causes of death among children under a year old are intestinal infectious diseases and malnutrition.
A lack of healthcare, adequate housing and decent schools — coupled with a widespread lack of opportunity — are all major challenges to progress. Natural disasters (such as chronic droughts) are another constant threat to the Nicaraguan people, a large percentage of whom rely upon agriculture for survival.
Nicaragua, the “land of lakes and volcanoes,” is the second poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.