Haiti is the poorest country in the Western hemisphere, with 80 percent of the population living below the poverty line.
In Haiti, 54 percent live in abject poverty. Two-thirds of children suffer from malnutrition and 117 of every 1,000 children die before reaching their fifth birthday.
Life expectancy is 51 years for men and 54 years for women. Nearly a quarter of the country’s rural families have no land at all, and Haiti must import nearly a quarter of its overall food supply. The lack of usable water has become a major problem. Clean water for drinking, cooking and bathing is in short supply, so the instance of waterborne diseases is high.